Veins carry blood to the heart. Along the length of all veins are valves, which only let the blood flow in one direction. The valves in the legs have to work harder to pump the blood that extra distance and problems occur when these valves become weak and don’t close properly. The blood flows backwards and pools in the veins. This causes the valves to weaken under the pressure and become enlarged and bulging in appearance – often dubbed varicose veins. The appearance of these veins is very common. They are swollen, twisted and sometimes lumpy veins that are often dark purple or blue and can be seen just under the surface of your skin.
What Causes Varicose Veins
More likely to occur in women, varicose veins are often hereditary, but they can also be caused by hormonal changes (including puberty, pregnancy, menopause, using birth control pills and HRT), obesity, ageing, standing for long periods of time and leg injuries to the skin.
Varicose Veins Symptoms
The sight of varicose veins on the legs can be distressing as they have a negative impact on your appearance and cause a toll on your self-confidence. Sometimes they may cause mild to moderate pain, aching, and heaviness of the legs which worsens as the day progresses. If untreated they won’t get better and may get worse and eventually lead to other complications. But, there is a fantastic treatment that can eliminate this common problem – sclerotherapy.
Sclerotherapy aims to destroy these visible and/or painful varicose, allowing your blood to reroute through healthier veins.
During treatment, a liquid, often in a foam state, is injected using very fine needles into your varicose or thread vein. The liquid, called a sclerosant, damages the internal lining of your vein, causing it to collapse. This collapsed vein will then be reabsorbed into local tissue and fade within a few weeks, with full results after a month. Sometimes more sclerotherapy treatments are needed for your vein to fade.
Sclerotherapy is a modern walk in walk out treatment for varicose veins. It’s a simple non-surgical procedure that is usually performed under local anaesthetic and takes around 30 to 40 minutes. Most impressively, there is no downtime and minimal scarring. One thing that is important to remember is that while you will remain mobile during your recovery, you will need to wear compression stockings or bandages for a minimum of two weeks to maintain compression on your treated veins.